Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 24. Recently, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council have issued the “National Comprehensive Three-dimensional Transportation Network Planning Outline” and issued a notice requiring all regions and departments to conscientiously implement it in light of actual conditions.
The full text of “National Comprehensive Three-dimensional Transportation Network Planning Outline” is as follows.
In order to accelerate the construction of a powerful country in transportation, build a modern and high-quality national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network, and support the construction of a modern economic system and a modern socialist country, this plan outline is drawn up. The planning period is from 2021 to 2035, and the long-term outlook is to the middle of this century.
1. Planning basis
(1) Development status
Since the reform and opening up, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, my country’s transportation development has achieved world-renowned achievements. The infrastructure network has basically formed, and the comprehensive transportation system has been continuously improved; the transportation service capacity and level have been greatly improved, and the people’s sense of gain has been significantly enhanced; scientific and technological innovation has achieved remarkable results, and the technical level of facility construction and transportation equipment has been greatly improved; the modernization of transportation construction has accelerated, The level of safe, smart, and green development continues to increase; the opening of transportation to the outside world continues to expand, and the pace of going global continues to accelerate. The development of transportation effectively promotes the development and protection of land and space, the coordinated development of urban and rural areas, and the optimization of the distribution of productive forces. It gives full play to the fundamental, leading, strategic and service role of economic and social development, and provides strong support for the decisive victory and comprehensive construction of a well-off society.
At the same time, there are still some shortcomings in the development of my country’s transportation, and the problem of imbalance and insufficient is still prominent. The layout of the comprehensive transportation network still needs to be improved, the structure needs to be optimized, interconnection and network resilience need to be enhanced; the overall transportation integration needs to be strengthened urgently, the level of resource intensive utilization needs to be improved, the coordinated integration of transportation and related industries needs to be deepened, and the whole industry chain supports Capabilities still need to be improved; comprehensive transportation development quality, efficiency and service levels are not high, modern logistics systems need to be improved, technological innovation capabilities, safe, smart and green development levels need to be further improved; the task of reforming key areas of transportation is still arduous.
(2) Situation requirements
At present and in the future, my country’s development is still in a period of important strategic opportunities, but both opportunities and challenges have new developments and changes. The world today is undergoing major changes unseen in a century. A new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation are developing in depth. The balance of international forces is profoundly adjusted. Peace and development remain the theme of the times. The concept of a community with a shared future for mankind is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. At the same time, the international environment is becoming more and more complex, the instability and uncertainty are obviously increasing, the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic is widespread and far-reaching, economic globalization is facing a countercurrent, and the world has entered a period of turbulent change. my country has shifted to a stage of high-quality development, with significant institutional advantages, long-term economic improvement, broad market space, enhanced development resilience, overall social stability, and a new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country. However, the problem of insufficient development imbalance is still prominent.
The new domestic and international situation has put forward new and higher requirements for accelerating the construction of a strong transportation country and building a modern and high-quality national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network. It is necessary to highlight the core position of innovation, focus on innovation-driven transportation and smart development; focus more on overall coordination and focus The integrated development of various transportation modes and the coordinated development of urban and rural regional transportation; more emphasis on green development, attention to land and space development and ecological environmental protection; more emphasis on high-level opening to the outside world, attention to external interconnection and international supply chain opening, safety and stability; more Emphasize shared development, pay attention to building people’s satisfactory transportation, and meet the people’s growing needs for a better life. It is necessary to focus on promoting the development of higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer transportation, and make use of transportation in the national economy to expand the scale of circulation, improve circulation efficiency, enhance circulation kinetic energy, reduce circulation costs, and ensure circulation The important role in security provides strong support for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country.
(3) Transportation demand
Passenger travel demand has grown steadily, and the demand for high-quality, diversified, and individualized travel continues to increase. It is estimated that the average annual growth rate of passenger trips (including car trips) from 2021 to 2035 is about 3.2%. The proportion of high-speed rail, civil aviation, and car travel continues to increase, and the demand for international travel and travel by urban agglomerations is growing. The eastern region will still be the region with the most concentrated travel demand in my country, and the growth rate of travel demand in the central and western regions will accelerate.
The demand for cargo transportation has risen steadily, and the demand for high-value, small-volume, and time-efficient demand is rising rapidly. It is estimated that from 2021 to 2035, the average annual growth rate of freight volume in the whole society is about 2%, and the average annual growth rate of postal express business volume is about 6.3%. The transportation of foreign trade cargo has maintained a long-term growth trend, and the volume of bulk cargo will maintain a high level of operation for a period of time. Freight demand in the eastern region will still maintain a large scale, and the growth rate of the central and western regions will be faster than the eastern region.
2. Overall requirements
(1) Guiding ideology
Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. A comprehensive” strategic layout, adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability, based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, take the promotion of high-quality development as the theme, and deepen the supply-side structural reform as the main line and reform Innovation is the fundamental driving force, meeting the people’s ever-increasing needs for a better life as the fundamental goal, coordinating development and safety, giving full play to the enthusiasm of the central and local governments, paying more attention to quality and efficiency, integration and innovation, and creating first-class facilities, technology, Manage and service, build a modern and high-quality comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network that is convenient, smooth, cost-effective, green, intensive, intelligent, advanced, safe and reliable, accelerate the construction of a transportation power, and set a good example for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country.
(2) Working principles
——Serve the overall situation and serve the people. Based on the overall situation of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, adhere to a moderate advancement, promote the coordinated development of transportation, land and space development and protection, industrial development, and new urbanization, promote the development of military-civilian integration, and effectively support major national strategies. Based on the strategic basis for expanding domestic demand, expand investment space, and effectively promote a virtuous cycle of the national economy. Adhere to the people-centered approach, build people-satisfied transportation, and continuously enhance the people’s sense of gain, happiness, and security.
-Based on national conditions, reform and opening up. Accurately grasp the requirements of the new development stage and the climatic characteristics of resource endowments, strengthen resource conservation and intensive use, and explore modern development models and paths for transportation with Chinese characteristics. Give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, better play the role of the government, deepen the reform of the transportation system, remove the institutional and institutional barriers that restrict high-quality development, and build a unified, open, competitive and orderly transportation market. Serving the construction of the “Belt and Road”, strengthening international connectivity, deepening open cooperation in transportation, and improving the security, openness and reliability of the global transportation network and logistics supply chain system.
——Optimizing structure and coordinating integration. Adhere to the system concept, strengthen forward-looking thinking, overall planning, strategic layout, and overall promotion. Strengthen planning and coordination, optimize network layout, innovate transportation organization, adjust transportation structure, and achieve a higher level of dynamic balance between supply and demand. Promote integrated development, strengthen the integration and intensive utilization of transportation resources, and promote the deep integration of transportation and related industries. Strengthen connectivity, improve facility networking and integration of transportation services, and improve the overall efficiency of comprehensive transportation.
——Innovative wisdom, safe and green. Adhere to the core position of innovation, pay attention to the empowerment of science and technology, and promote the efficiency of transportation, the expansion of functions, and the increase of kinetic energy. Promote the digitization and networking of transportation infrastructure, and improve the level of smart transportation development. Coordinate development and safety, and strengthen transportation safety and emergency support capacity building. Accelerate the promotion of green and low-carbon development, reach the peak of carbon dioxide emissions in the transportation sector as soon as possible, reduce the intensity of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions, pay attention to the restoration of ecological environmental protection, and promote the harmonious development of transportation and nature.
(3) Development goals
By 2035, a modern and high-quality national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network that is convenient and smooth, economical, efficient, green, intensive, intelligent, advanced, safe and reliable will be basically completed, to achieve international and domestic interconnection, three-dimensional access to major cities across the country, effective coverage of county-level nodes, and strong support “National 123 travel traffic circle” (1 hour commute in metropolitan areas, 2 hours access to urban agglomerations, 3 hours coverage of major cities across the country) and “Global 123 Express Cargo Circle” (1 day domestic delivery, 2 days delivery to neighboring countries, Delivered to major cities in the world within 3 days). The quality, intelligence and green level of transportation infrastructure are among the top in the world. Transportation is fully adapted to the people’s ever-increasing needs for a better life, effectively guarantees national security, and supports my country’s basic realization of socialist modernization.
By the middle of this century, a modern and high-quality national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network will be fully established, with a world-class transportation infrastructure system, effective balance of transportation supply and demand, equal quality of services, and strong security. New technologies are widely used to realize digitalization, networking, intelligence, and greening. Travel is safe, convenient and comfortable, logistics is efficient, economical, and reliable. It will realize “people enjoy travel and material quality and flow”, build a strong transportation country in an all-round way, and set a good example for building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
3. Optimize the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation layout
(1) Build a comprehensive national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network
The national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network connects all county-level and above administrative regions, border ports, defense facilities, and major scenic spots across the country. Oriented by overall planning and integration, we will focus on making up for shortcomings, reconnecting, optimizing the network, improving efficiency, and paying more attention to the optimal use of stock resources and the improvement of incremental supply quality. Improve the infrastructure network of railways, highways, water transportation, civil aviation, postal express delivery, etc., and build a national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network with railways as the backbone, roads as the foundation, and the comparative advantages of water transportation and civil aviation.
By 2035, the total scale of the physical network of the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network will total about 700,000 kilometers (excluding the overseas section of the international land corridor, air and sea routes, and postal routes). Among them, there are about 200,000 kilometers of railways, about 460,000 kilometers of roads, and about 25,000 kilometers of high-grade waterways. There are 27 major coastal ports, 36 major inland river ports, about 400 civil transportation airports, and about 80 postal express hubs.
(2) Speed up the construction of the main skeleton of a high-efficiency national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network
The main skeleton of the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network is composed of the most critical line network in the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network. It is the aorta of my country’s inter-regional, urban agglomeration, inter-provincial, and international transportation, and is the main axis supporting the development and protection of land space. , It is also the backbone network with the highest resource allocation efficiency and the strongest transportation intensity of various transportation methods.
According to the national regional development strategy and land space development and protection pattern, combined with the characteristics of future transportation development and spatial distribution, the key areas are divided into three categories according to the magnitude of transportation demand. The four regions of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the Chengdu-Chongqing Shuangcheng Economic Circle serve as poles. The middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the Shandong Peninsula, the west coast of the Taiwan Strait, the Central Plains, Harbin, Central South, the Beibu Gulf and the Guanzhong Plain 8 As a group, 9 areas in Hubao Eyu, Guizhong, Yunnan, central Shanxi, Tianshan North Slope, Lanxi, Ningxia Yanhuang, Lhasa and Kashgar are grouped. According to the intensity of traffic connection between poles, groups, and groups, the main skeleton of a national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network composed of main shafts, corridors, and passages will be built. The length of the main skeleton physical line network of the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network is about 290,000 kilometers, including 56,000 kilometers of national high-speed railways, 71,000 kilometers of ordinary-speed railways; 61,000 kilometers of national expressways, 72,000 kilometers of ordinary national roads; 25,000 kilometers of national high-grade waterways Kilometers.
Speed up the construction of 6 spindles. Strengthen the ties between the four poles of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and Chengdu-Chongqing dual-city economic circle, and build a comprehensive, multi-channel, three-dimensional, large-capacity, and rapid transportation main axis. Expand the four-pole radiation space and transportation resource allocation capabilities, create a key platform for the coordinated development of my country’s comprehensive three-dimensional transportation and the transition of domestic and international transportation, and give full play to the important role of promoting the national regional development of north-south interaction and east-west integration.
Speed up the construction of 7 corridors. Strengthen the radiation effect of the four poles of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Chengdu-Chongqing dual-city economic circle, strengthen the connection between the poles and groups and groups, and build the Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Tibet, continental bridge, and western land The multi-modal, multi-channel, and convenient transportation corridors such as Hai, Shanghai-Kunming, Chengdu-Chongqing-Kunming, and Guang-Kun have optimized and perfected the multi-center and networked main skeleton structure.
Speed up the construction of 8 channels. Strengthen the coordination between the main axis and the corridor, strengthen the connection between the group and the group, and between the group and the group, strengthen the connection and coverage of the resource industry clusters and important ports, and build the Suiman, Jingyan, Yanbian, Fuyin, Second The transportation channels of Zhan, Sichuan-Tibet, Xiang-Gui, Xia-Rong, etc., promote internal and external connectivity, access to the border and the sea, and expand the transportation network coverage in the central, western and northeast regions.
(3) Building a multi-level integrated national comprehensive transportation hub system
Build a national comprehensive transportation hub system that is a “three-in-one” comprehensive transportation hub cluster, hub city, and hub port station. Build four international comprehensive transportation hub clusters facing the world, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle. Speed up the construction of about 20 international comprehensive transportation hub cities and about 80 nationwide comprehensive transportation hub cities. Promote the construction of a number of international hub ports and national hub ports.
(4) Improve the global transportation network
Focusing on the open pattern of land-sea internal and external linkage and east-west mutual assistance, we will strive to form a fully functional, three-dimensional interconnected, land-sea-air transportation network. Develop diversified international transportation channels, focusing on building 7 international land transportation channels including the New Asia-Europe Land Bridge, China-Mongolia-Russia, China-Central Asia-West Asia, China-Indochina Peninsula, China Pakistan, China, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar. Develop international freight trains focusing on China-Europe trains and promote the facilitation of international road transportation. Strengthen the radiation capacity of the international shipping center, improve the 4 maritime international transportation channels, including the Pacific Ocean to the Americas via Japan and South Korea, Southeast Asia to Oceania, Southeast Asia and South Asia across the Indian Ocean to Europe and Africa, and the Ice Silk Road across the Arctic Ocean to protect crude oil , Iron ore, grain, liquefied natural gas and other national key materials, expand the international maritime logistics network, and accelerate the development of the cruise economy. Relying on international aviation hubs, build an air passenger and cargo transportation network that extends in all directions and covers the world. Build an international trunk postal network covering five continents, connecting the world, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, and high efficiency.
4. Promote the integrated development of integrated transportation
(1) Promote the integrated development of various modes of transportation
Coordinate the planning and construction of comprehensive transportation channels. Strengthen the guiding and restrictive role of land and space planning on infrastructure planning and construction, and strengthen the connection and coordination with related planning. Save and intensively use channel line resources, shoreline resources, land resources, airspace resources, and water resources, promote the development of transportation channels from single to integrated, from plane to three-dimensional, reduce the division of space, and improve the efficiency of land space utilization. Comprehensively consider the coordination of planning and construction of multiple modes of transportation and the exploration and application of new modes of transportation to achieve mutual coordination and deep integration of multiple modes of land, water and air. Make good use of existing traffic channels, strengthen the demonstration of infrastructure construction plans for crossing rivers, seas, and environmentally sensitive areas, and promote the overall planning and cross-sectional space integration of linear infrastructure such as railways and highways. Strengthen the overall planning of comprehensive transportation channels and infrastructure such as communications, energy, and water conservancy, and improve channel resource utilization efficiency.
Promote the integrated planning and construction of comprehensive transportation hubs. Promote unified planning, unified design, unified construction, and coordinated management of integrated transportation hubs and postal express hubs. Promote the centralized layout of various transportation modes in the newly built comprehensive passenger transportation hub, realize space sharing, three-dimensional or same platform transfer, and create an all-weather, integrated transfer environment. Promote existing comprehensive passenger transport hubs to integrate transportation facilities and share service function spaces. Speed up the construction of multimodal transportation reloading facilities and collection and distribution systems in integrated freight hubs, coordinate transshipment, port, bonded, postal and express functions, and improve the efficiency of multimodal transportation and the level of integrated logistics services. In accordance with the principles of integration of station and city, integration of industry and city, and openness and sharing, the development of hubs shall be reserved for space, land use function control, and development timing coordination.
Promote the effective connection of traffic inside and outside the city. Promote the integrated construction of arterial railways, intercity railways, and urban (suburban) railways, and do a good job in connection and coordination with urban rail transit, build a “one network” for operation management and services, and realize the interconnection of facilities, ticket systems, mutual recognition of security inspections, and information Sharing and payment compatible. Strengthen the efficient connection of roads and urban roads in the surrounding areas of the city, systematically optimize the road network in and out of the city, promote the overall planning and construction of planning and management coordination, and reduce the division and interference of the city. Improve the urban logistics distribution system, and strengthen the organic connection between intercity trunk line transportation and urban terminal distribution. Strengthen the organic integration of railway and highway passenger transport hubs, airports and urban public transport network systems, and guide cities to develop rationally and orderly along large-capacity public transport corridors.
(2) Promote the integrated development of transportation infrastructure network, transportation service network, information network, and energy network
Promote the integrated development of the transportation infrastructure network and the transportation service network. Promote the organic connection of infrastructure, equipment, standards, information and management, improve the intelligent level of dynamic operation and management services of the transportation network, create a convenient transportation service network oriented by the rapidization of the entire chain, and build the integration of air, water, ground and underground A coordinated multimodal transport network improves the supply chain service system.
Promote the integrated development of transportation infrastructure network and information network. Strengthen the overall layout and coordinated construction of transportation infrastructure and information infrastructure, promote the deployment and application of the Internet of Vehicles, strengthen coordination with the construction of new infrastructure, and strengthen cross-industry coordination of transportation tools, communications, intelligent transportation, and traffic management related standards.
Promote the integrated development of transportation infrastructure network and energy network. Promote the overall planning and construction of transportation infrastructure and energy facilities, fully consider the characteristics of various energy transmission such as coal, oil and gas, and electricity, strengthen the joint construction and sharing of transportation and energy infrastructure, improve facility utilization efficiency, and reduce energy resource consumption. Promote the integration of transportation infrastructure network and smart grid to meet the requirements of new energy development.
(3) Promote the coordinated development of regional transportation
Promote the overall development of transportation in key regions. Build a “Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei on the track”, accelerate the integration of transportation in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, build a world-class transportation system, and build a comprehensive transportation system in Xiongan New District with high standards and high quality. Build a “Yangtze River Delta on the track”, a shipping hub that radiates the world, create a pioneer area for high-quality transportation development, and enhance overall competitiveness and influence. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will achieve high-level interconnection, build the golden waterway of the Xijiang River, consolidate and enhance the international competitiveness and radiating driving force of the port cluster and airport cluster, and build a transportation hub cluster with global influence. The Chengdu-Chongqing Double-City Economic Circle is guided by improving the level of external connectivity, strengthening the function of the gateway hub, and building an integrated comprehensive transportation system. Build a modern comprehensive three-dimensional transportation corridor in the Yangtze River Economic Belt with unblocked east-west, north-south radiation, effective coverage, and three-dimensional interconnection. Support the construction of a free trade port in Hainan, promote the construction of an international shipping hub and aviation hub for the new land-sea corridor in the west, and accelerate the construction of a modern integrated transportation system. Coordinate the ecological environment protection and high-quality development of transportation in the Yellow River Basin, and optimize the spatial layout of transportation infrastructure.
Promote the coordinated development of transportation in the eastern, central, western and northeastern regions. Accelerate the optimization and upgrading of the eastern region, increase the traffic carrying capacity of densely populated and economic areas, and strengthen the opening of international transportation services. Promote the construction of large passages and hubs in the central region, and better play the function of connecting east and west, connecting south and north. Strengthen the layout of the transportation infrastructure in the western region, promote the construction of new land and sea passages in the western region, and create a two-way and mutually beneficial opening passage network in the west. Optimize the layout of hubs, improve the hub system, develop general aviation, and improve travel conditions for residents in remote areas. Promote the improvement of the quality and efficiency of the transportation development in Northeast China, strengthen the capacity building of channels with Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and other regions, and build a transportation hub that is open to the outside world in Northeast Asia. Support the development of transportation in old revolutionary areas, ethnic areas, and border areas, and promote the construction of transportation along borders and rivers.
Promote the integrated development of transportation within the urban agglomeration. Construct a convenient and efficient intercity transportation network, accelerate the urban agglomeration rail transportation network, improve the urban agglomeration express highway network, strengthen the smooth connection of roads and rails in the urban junction area, and basically realize a two-hour traffic circle within the urban agglomeration. Strengthen the road network connectivity of important ports, stations, and airports within the urban agglomeration, and promote the overall utilization of resources, information sharing, division of labor and cooperation, mutual benefit and win-win of the port and airport groups in the urban agglomeration, and improve the overall efficiency and international Competitiveness. Coordinate the inter-city network, transportation capacity and transportation organization to improve the efficiency of transportation services. Research the layout of comprehensive general-purpose airports, ease general aviation activities in busy airports, develop urban helicopter transportation services, and build a rapid air traffic network within urban agglomerations. Establish and improve systems and mechanisms for the coordinated development of transportation in urban agglomerations, and promote the integration of relevant policies, regulations, and standards.
Promote the integrated development of transportation in the metropolitan area. Build a large-capacity and rapid rail transit network connecting satellite cities and new cities in the central city, promote public transportation operations, strengthen road traffic connections, and create a 1-hour “door-to-door” commuter circle. Promote the optimization of urban road network structure and form a road network system with reasonable grading and smooth access. Orderly develop shared traffic, strengthen the construction of slow traffic systems such as urban walking and bicycles, rationally allocate parking facilities, carry out sidewalk purification actions, build bicycle lanes according to local conditions, and encourage the public to travel green. In-depth implementation of the public transportation priority development strategy, build an urban public transportation system with urban rail transit as the backbone and conventional public transportation as the main body, promote a public transportation-oriented urban land development model, and increase the urban green transportation share rate. Mega cities make full use of the underground space and buildings of rail transit to optimize the evacuation of passengers.
Promote the integrated development of urban and rural transportation. Plan the local expressway network as a whole, strengthen the connection and coordination with national roads, rural roads and other modes of transportation, and build a provincial road network with clear functions, reasonable layout and appropriate scale. Accelerate the upgrading of rural transportation infrastructure, comprehensively promote the construction of the “four good rural roads”, and realize the integrated planning, construction, and management of urban and rural transportation infrastructure. Unblock urban and rural transportation connections, promote county and rural (household) road connections, and the integration of urban and rural passenger transportation, and solve the problem of the “last mile” of mass travel. Improve the level of equalization of public services in urban and rural transportation, consolidate and expand the achievements of transportation poverty alleviation and effectively connect with rural revitalization.
(4) Promote the integrated development of transportation and related industries
Promote the integrated development of transportation and postal express. Promote the construction of special processing sites, transportation channels, and loading and unloading facilities for postal and express delivery in railways, airports, urban rail and other transportation stations. In important transportation hubs, we will realize centralized security inspection and centralized boarding of express mail, and develop special delivery facilities and equipment for aviation, railway, and water transportation. Promote the effective connection of mail express loading and unloading standards and tracking data among different modes of transportation to realize information sharing. Develop air express and high-speed rail express, promote the multimodal transportation of mail express, realize the smooth connection of cross-domain, cross-region and cross-transportation, and promote the transparency of the whole transportation. Promote the integration and sharing of rural postal express outlets, comprehensive service stations, bus stations and other facilities and resources.
Promote the integrated development of transportation and modern logistics. Strengthen the construction of modern logistics system, optimize the layout of national logistics channels and hubs, strengthen the construction of national logistics hub emergency, cold chain, sorting and processing functional areas, improve the connection with ports, and unblock the logistics channel and the urban distribution network transportation network. Improve the linking capacity of trunk and branch and the efficiency of transfer and allocation. Speed up the construction of the backbone network and terminal network of rural logistics infrastructure. Develop high-speed rail express and promote the development of double-deck container railway transportation. Speed up the development of air logistics and strengthen the capacity building of international air cargo. Cultivate and expand a group of modern logistics enterprises with international competitiveness, encourage enterprises to actively participate in the restructuring and upgrading of global supply chains, rely on integrated transportation hub cities to build global supply chain service centers, and create an open, safe and stable global logistics supply chain system.
Promote the integrated development of transportation and tourism. Give full play to the basic role of transportation in promoting the development of tourism in the whole region, speed up the planning and construction of national tourist scenic routes and tourist transportation systems, and create natural scenery lines with wide-ranging influence. Strengthen the “fast-forward and slow-travel” function of the transportation network, and strengthen the connection between main transportation lines and important tourist attractions. Improve the functions of tourism service facilities along highways, service areas, passenger transport hubs, cruise ships and yacht docks, support the construction of related transportation infrastructure such as red tourism, rural tourism, vacation and leisure tourism, and self-driving tours, and promote the integrated development of general aviation and tourism. Improve the transportation system of key tourist attractions, encourage the development of customized tourism transportation services, enrich cruise tourism services, and form a benign interactive pattern in which transportation drives tourism and tourism promotes transportation development.
Promote the integrated development of related industries such as transportation and equipment manufacturing. Strengthen cross-industry cooperation between transportation and modern agriculture, manufacturing, commerce and finance, and develop transportation platform economy, hub economy, channel economy, and low-altitude economy. Support the transportation equipment manufacturing industry to extend the service chain, promote the application of modern equipment in the transportation field, drive the industrialization and commercial application of domestic aviation equipment, and strengthen the mutual support between transportation and modern equipment manufacturing. Promote the integration of transportation, manufacturing, and circulation resources, and encourage innovation in logistics organization models and business formats. Promote the industrialization of intelligent transportation.
5. Promote the high-quality development of comprehensive transportation
(1) Promote safe development
Improve safety assurance capabilities. Strengthen transportation safety risk early warning, prevention and control mechanisms and capacity building. Accelerate the construction of urban agglomerations, key areas, important ports, major industries and energy bases, and natural disaster-prone areas with multiple channels, multiple methods, and multiple paths, and improve the resilience and safety of the transportation network system. Improve the security system for the transportation of strategic materials such as grain and energy, and improve the security level of the industrial chain and supply chain. Strengthen channel safety guarantee, maritime cruise search and rescue, and deep ocean and polar rescue capacity building, and improve the traffic safety supervision system and search and rescue system. Improve the security protection system for key information infrastructure, enhance the security assurance capabilities of important integrated infrastructure such as the Internet of Vehicles and the Internet of Ships, strengthen the security protection of traffic information systems, strengthen key technological innovations, and enhance independent controllability. Improve the safety level of transportation equipment. Improve the safety publicity and education system, and strengthen the safety awareness of the whole people and the awareness of the rule of law.
Improve the safety level of transportation infrastructure. Establish and improve the life-cycle safety management system of modern project construction and operation quality, and improve traffic safety production regulations and standards. Strengthen the preventive maintenance and safety assessment of transportation infrastructure, strengthen long-term performance observation, improve the technical system of data collection, detection and diagnosis, repair and treatment, increase disease management, and eliminate safety hazards in a timely manner. Promote the use of new materials, new technologies and new processes to improve the quality and service life of transportation infrastructure. Improve the safety responsibility system, innovate the safety management model, strengthen the construction of key transportation infrastructure, prevention and control of operational safety risks, and comprehensively improve the safety level of transportation facilities.
Improve the transportation emergency guarantee system. Establish and complete a comprehensive transportation emergency transportation management coordination mechanism featuring multi-departmental linkage, multi-mode coordination, and multi-subject participation, and improve a scientifically coordinated comprehensive transportation emergency transportation security plan system. Build a big data center for emergency transportation to promote information interconnection and sharing. Build a comprehensive emergency transportation network with fast access, strong connectivity, functional adaptation, safety and reliability. Improve the modernization, specialization and intelligence of emergency transportation equipment, and promote the standardization, modularization and efficiency of emergency transportation. Coordinate the construction of emergency rescue capabilities in land, water and aviation, and build a multi-level comprehensive transportation emergency equipment and materials and capacity reserve system. Scientifically plan and deploy emergency rescue bases, fire rescue stations, etc., strengthen the construction of supporting facilities such as emergency equipment, emergency communications, material storage and transportation, disaster prevention and epidemic prevention, and pollution emergency treatment in important channels, and improve the rapid repair capabilities of facilities and the ability to respond to emergencies. Establish and improve the industry system safety risk and key safety risk monitoring and prevention system, and strengthen the monitoring and early warning of the whole process of dangerous goods transportation and the whole network.
(2) Promote smart development
Improve the level of smart development. Accelerate the improvement of transportation technology innovation capabilities, and advance the digitalization and networking of transportation infrastructure. Promote industrial applications such as satellite communication technology, new-generation communication technology, high-resolution remote sensing satellites, artificial intelligence, etc., create a full coverage, replaceable, and safe industrial Beidou high-precision basic service network, and promote the large-scale application of industrial Beidou terminals. Build a high-precision transportation geographic information platform and accelerate the independent innovation and application of building information model technology in various fields. Deploy the traffic perception system in an all-round way, plan and construct simultaneously with the traffic infrastructure, deploy active early warning facilities at key locations, and enhance the capabilities of multi-dimensional monitoring, precise management and control, and collaborative services. Strengthen the research and development of intelligent transportation tools and key special equipment, and promote the application of intelligent networked vehicles (smart cars, autonomous driving, vehicle-road collaboration) and intelligent general aircraft. Encourage logistics parks, ports, airports, and freight yards to widely apply technologies such as the Internet of Things and automation, and promote the application of automated three-dimensional warehouses, guided transport vehicles, and intelligent transportation and sorting and loading and unloading equipment. Build a comprehensive transportation big data center system and improve the comprehensive transportation information platform. Improve the open sharing mechanism of scientific and technological resources, and build a batch of innovative platforms with international influence.
Speed up the intelligentization of existing facilities. Use new technologies to empower the development of transportation infrastructure, strengthen the quality and upgrade of existing transportation infrastructure, and improve facility utilization efficiency and service levels. Use modern control technology to improve the intelligent level of train dispatching and commanding and transportation management in the entire railway network. Promote the intelligentization of road network management and travel information services, and improve road traffic monitoring equipment and supporting networks. Strengthen the online monitoring of the operation status of high-grade inland waterways, and promote the development of ship-shore coordination, automated terminals and storage yards. Develop a new generation of air traffic control system, promote the intelligentization of air traffic services, flow management and airspace management, and promote information sharing between all parties. Promote the coordinated development of intelligent networked vehicles and smart cities, build an integrated perception system for urban roads, buildings, and public facilities, and create a smart travel platform based on a city information model platform that integrates urban dynamic and static data.
(3) Promote green development and humanistic construction
Promote green and low-carbon development. Promote the coordination of transportation infrastructure and ecological space, maximize protection of important ecological function areas, avoid ecologically sensitive areas, and strengthen the protection of permanent basic farmland. Implement transportation ecological restoration and upgrading projects and build an ecological transportation network. Strengthen scientific research, improve construction technology, and reduce traffic noise, pollutants, carbon dioxide and other emissions from the source. Increase traffic pollution monitoring and comprehensive management efforts, strengthen the prevention and control of traffic environmental risks, and implement ecological compensation mechanisms. Optimize and adjust the transportation structure, promote the construction of multi-modal logistics parks and special railway lines, and form a medium and long-distance transportation pattern of bulk cargo and containers mainly by railway and water transportation. Strengthen the renewal and utilization of renewable energy, new energy, clean energy equipment and facilities, and the recycling of waste building materials, promote the clean, low-carbon, and efficient development of transportation energy power systems, and promote green, reduced, and recyclable express packaging.
Strengthen the humanistic construction of transportation. Improve the transportation infrastructure, transportation equipment function configuration and transportation service standard specification system to meet the diverse and personalized requirements of different groups of people. Strengthen the construction of barrier-free facilities, improve barrier-free equipment and equipment, and improve the travel convenience and service level of special groups. Improve the transportation service system for the elderly to meet the transportation needs of the aging society. Innovate the service model and improve the level of humanization and refinement of transportation services. Strengthen the publicity and education of traffic civilization, promote excellent traffic culture, and improve the law-abiding awareness and moral level of traffic participants.
(4) Improve governance capabilities
Deepen the reform of the transportation industry. Deepen the reform of streamlining administration, delegating power, combining decentralization, and optimizing service, continue to optimize the business environment, and form a unified, open, competitive and orderly transportation market. Establish and improve the system and mechanism for the high-quality development of national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation, and improve the strategic planning policy system for comprehensive transportation development. Promote the market-oriented reform of the competitive links of the railway industry, deepen the reform of the national air traffic control system, and realize the separate operation of universal postal services and competitive businesses. Improve the policy consultation mechanism for transportation and land and space development, urban and rural construction, and ecological environment protection, promote the integration of multiple regulations, and improve policy uniformity, rule consistency, and implementation coordination. Accelerate the formulation of standards and regulations for comprehensive transportation hubs, multimodal transport, new business forms and new models, strengthen the overall coordination of standards for different modes of transportation, and build a standard system that meets high-quality development. Strengthen transportation international exchanges and cooperation, actively participate in international transportation organizations, promote international mutual recognition of standards, and enhance the internationalization of Chinese standards. Based on the sharing of big data and credit information, we will build a new comprehensive transportation governance mechanism.
Strengthen the legal construction of transportation. Adhere to the guidance of the rule of law, and deepen the construction of government departments governed by law in transportation. Promote the formulation and revision of key legislative projects such as comprehensive transportation, promote the effective connection of legal systems for different transportation modes, and improve the comprehensive traffic law system. Comprehensively strengthen the construction of standardization, improve the ability and level of the traffic and transportation law enforcement team, and strictly regulate fair and civilized law enforcement. Implement the generalized legal responsibility system, create a good legal environment for the industry, and implement the rule of law requirements throughout the entire process of comprehensive transportation planning, construction, management, operation services, and safety production.
Strengthen the construction of transportation talent team. Optimize the structure of the talent team, strengthen the construction of interdisciplinary scientific research teams, and create a group of influential transportation technology leaders and innovative teams. Promote the spirit of model workers and craftsmen, improve the introduction, training, use, evaluation, flow, incentive system and governance mechanisms of the industry’s cultural construction with socialist core values. Strengthen the cultivation of innovative, applied, and skilled personnel, build a team of loyal, clean and responsible cadres with high quality, and create an army of high-quality workers.
Six, safeguard measures
(1) Strengthen the leadership of the party
Persist and strengthen the overall leadership of the party, strengthen the “four consciousnesses”, strengthen the “four self-confidence”, and achieve the “two safeguards”, give full play to the party’s role as the core leadership of the overall situation and coordination of all parties, and always permeate the party’s leadership To speed up the entire process of building a strong transportation country, give full play to the role of party organizations at all levels in advancing the development of the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network, encourage cadres to take responsibility, fully mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of cadres at all levels, and continue to improve implementation The new development concept, the construction of a new development pattern, and the promotion of high-quality development capabilities and levels provide a fundamental guarantee for the realization of the goals and tasks of this plan.
(2) Strengthen organization and coordination
Strengthen the construction of the organization and guarantee system for the implementation of this planning outline, establish and improve the implementation and coordination and promotion mechanism, strengthen departmental coordination and upper-level linkage, and promote the overall planning and coordinated construction of various transportation infrastructure. Departments of finance, natural resources, housing and urban-rural development, and ecological environment should refine and improve supporting policies and standards for finance, land use, sea use, urban and rural development, and environmental protection. Improve the linkage mechanism between this planning outline and various levels of planning.
(3) Strengthen resource support
Strengthen the supply of land and other resources for the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network planning project, strictly control land use in the planning and construction process, highlight the three-dimensional, intensive, and economical thinking, increase the degree of complex transportation land, revitalize idle transportation land resources, and improve relevant policies for public transportation to guide land development . Establish a coordination mechanism for land and space planning and other related planning and transportation planning, and dynamically adjust management policies.
(4) Strengthen capital guarantee
Establish and improve a fund guarantee system that is compatible with the characteristics of the transportation development stage, implement the financial powers and expenditure responsibilities of the central and local governments in the transportation field, and ensure that various transportation special funds support transportation development. Innovate investment and financing policies, and improve long-term funding channels that match project funding needs and deadlines. Build an investment mechanism that forms profitable growth and risk prevention and control for sustainable development, and prevent and resolve debt risks. Improve public welfare infrastructure construction and operation support policy systems, and increase support for underdeveloped areas and border areas. Further adjust and improve funding policies to support the development of postal services and water transportation. Support various financial institutions to provide financing for market-oriented transportation development in accordance with laws and regulations, and guide social capital to actively participate in transportation infrastructure construction.
(5) Strengthen implementation management
Establish a comprehensive transportation planning management system. During the implementation of this planning outline, it is necessary to strengthen the connection with national economic and social development, land and space, regional development, watersheds and other related plans, and coordinate with urban and rural construction and development. When preparing transportation-related plans, all localities must do a good job of linking up with this plan, and relevant projects shall be included in the land and space planning and related special plans. The Ministry of Transport shall, in conjunction with relevant departments, strengthen the implementation of dynamic monitoring and evaluation of this planning outline, organize and carry out the pilot work of building a strong transportation country, scientifically demonstrate and organize the implementation of a number of major projects in terms of passages, hubs, technological innovation, safety, green and low carbon, etc. Statistics and monitoring of the implementation progress of this plan outline, regular plan evaluations, and dynamic adjustments or revisions based on the national development plan. Important matters are reported to the Party Central Committee and the State Council in a timely manner.
Attachment: Schematic diagram of the main skeleton layout of the national comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network